Faculty & Staff

Charles P. Egeland

Charles EgelandAssociate Professor
Biological Anthropology and Paleoanthropology
Ph.D., Indiana University, 2007
Email: cpegelan@uncg.edu
Curriculum Vitae
See my Blog

Research Interests

  • Human Evolution
  • Paleolithic Archaeology
  • Zooarchaeology
  • Vertebrate Taphonomy
  • Paleoenvironmental Studies
  • Hunter-Gatherer Ecology

Courses Taught

  • ATY 253: Introduction to Biological Anthropology
  • ATY 331:  Human Biological Variation
  • ATY 341: Paleolithic Archaeology
  • ATY 357:  Monkeys, Apes, and Humans
  • ATY 359: Forensic Anthropology
  • ATY 361: Methods in Biological Anthropology
  • ATY 477: Zooarchaeology
  • ATY 455: Human Evolution
  • ATY 557: Primate Behavior

Personal Statement

My overarching research program is geared towards tracking the interactions of Paleolithic (stone tool-using) human cultures with their environments. I approach this within an evolutionary framework generally, and a behavioral ecological perspective (i.e., how behavior contributes to reproductive success) specifically. My methodological specialty is the identification and analysis of animal bones (zooarchaeology), which can inform human paleoecology through the reconstruction of both diet and subsistence behavior and ancient environments. Much of my research is also grounded in and informed by: (1) taphonomy, or how sites transition from the biosphere to the lithosphere and (2) actualism, or the observation of contemporary processes and their effects, in both tightly controlled experimental and more naturalistic contexts, to give meaning to the prehistoric record. I am also a committed teacher and regularly involve students in my research: I strive to engage students with material in such a way as to encourage life-long learning.

Books

  • Deconstructing Olduvai: A Taphonomic Study of the Bed I Sites.  (with M. Domínguez-Rodrigo and R. Barba, Springer, 2007)

Articles

  • CP Egeland, Manuel Dominguez-Rodrigo, Travis Rayne Pickering, Colin G. Menter, and Jason L. Heaton (2018), Hominin Skeletal Part Abundances and Claims of Deliberate Disposal of Corpses in the Middle Pleistocene, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 115 pp4601-4606 (view PDF)
  • CP Egeland, Boris Gasparian, Cynthia M. Fadem, Samvel Nahapetyan, Dmitir Arakelyan, and Christopher M. Nicholson (2016), Bagratashen 1, a Stratified Open-Air Middle Paleolithic Site in the Debed River Valley of Northeastern Armenia:  A Preliminary Report, Archaeological Research in Asia 8, pp1-20 (view PDF)
  • CP Egeland (2014), Taphonomic Estimates of Competition and the Role of Carnivore Avoidance in Hominin Site Use Within the Early Pleistocene Olduvai Basin, Quaternary International 322/323, pp95-106 (view PDF)
  • CP Egeland, Kristen R. Welch, and Christopher M. Nicholson (2014),  Experimental Determinations of Cutmark Orientation and the Reconstruction of Prehistoric Butchery Behavior, Journal of Archeological Science, 49, pp126-133 (view PDF)
  • CP Egeland, Boris Gasparian, Dmitri Arakelyan, Christopher M. Nicholson, Artur Petrosyan, Robert Ghurkasyan, and Ryan Byerly (2014), Reconnaissance Survey for Paleolithic Sites in the Debed River Valley, Northern Armenia,  Journal of Field Archaeology 39, pp370-386 (view PDF)

Current Projects

I am involved in two major projects. The first is the Lori Depression Paleoanthropological Project (LDPP), which I co-direct with my colleague Boris Gasparian of the Armenian Academy of Sciences. Our goal is to document the Paleolithic settlement of northern Armenia and, since 2009, we have discovered 23 open-air sites and are in the process of excavating several of them. The second involves excavations at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, which, in addition to being the world’s most well-known paleoanthropological site, is part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since 2012, I have directed excavations in the DK area of the gorge. Dated at nearly 1.9 million years ago, DK is one of the gorge’s oldest archaeological localities. This research is conducted in concert with The Olduvai Paleoanthropology and Paleoecology Project (TOPPP), an international, collaborative, and trans-disciplinary endeavor focused on tracking environmental changes and early hominin behavior between about 2 and 1 million years ago.

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